TitleExtraction of fullerenes from environmental matrices as affected by solvent characteristics and analyte concentration.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsPlace, BJ, Kleber, M, Field, JA
JournalJ Sep Sci
Date Published2013 Mar
KeywordsChromatography, High Pressure Liquid, Environmental Pollutants, Fullerenes, Liquid-Liquid Extraction

Fullerenes possess unique chemical properties that make the isolation of these compounds from heterogeneous environmental matrices difficult. For example, previous reports indicate that toluene-based extraction techniques vary in their ability to extract C60, especially from highly carbonaceous solid matrices. Here, we examined the effects of (i) solvent type (toluene alone versus an 80:20 v/v mixture of toluene and 1-methylnaphthalene) and (ii) analyte concentration on the extraction efficiency of an isotopically labeled surrogate compound, (13)C60. The toluene/1-methylnaphthalene mixture increased fullerene extraction efficiency from carbon lampblack by a factor of five, but was not significantly different from 100% toluene when applied to wood stove soot or montmorillonite. Recovery of the (13)C60 surrogate declined with decreasing analyte concentration. The usefulness of isotopically labeled surrogate is demonstrated and the study provides a quantitative assessment regarding the dependence of fullerene extraction efficiencies on the geochemical characteristics of solid matrices.

Alternate JournalJ Sep Sci
PubMed ID23381881
Grant ListP42ES016465 / ES / NIEHS NIH HHS / United States