TitleGlobal time trends in PAH emissions from motor vehicles.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsShen, H, Tao, S, Wang, R, Wang, B, Shen, G, Li, W, Su, S, Huang, Y, Wang, X, Liu, W, Li, B, Sun, K
JournalAtmos Environ (1994)
Date Published2011 Apr 01

Emission from motor vehicles is the most important source of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in urban areas. Emission factors of individual PAHs for motor vehicles reported in the literature varied 4 to 5 orders of magnitude, leading to high uncertainty in emission inventory. In this study, key factors affecting emission factors of PAHs (EF) for motor vehicles were evaluated quantitatively based on thousands of EFmeasured in 16 countries for over 50 years. The result was used to develop a global emission inventory of PAHs from motor vehicles. It was found that country and vehicle model year are the most important factors affecting EF, which can be quantified using a monovariate regression model with per capita gross domestic production (purchasing power parity) as a sole independent variable. On average, 29% of variation in log-transformed EFcould be explained by the model, which was equivalent to 90% reduction in overall uncertainty on arithmetic scale. The model was used to predict EFand subsequently PAH emissions from motor vehicles for various countries in the world during a period from 1971 to 2030. It was estimated that the global emission reached its peak value of approximate 101 Gg in 1978 and decreased afterwards due to emission control in developed countries. The annual emission picked up again since 1990 owing to accelerated energy consumption in China and other developing countries. With more and more rigid control measures taken in the developing world, global emission of PAHs is currently passing its second peak. It was predicted that the emission would decrease from 77 Gg in 2010 to 42 Gg in 2030.

Alternate JournalAtmos Environ (1994)
PubMed ID24198716
PubMed Central IDPMC3816389
Grant ListP42 ES016465 / ES / NIEHS NIH HHS / United States