TitleMenstrual Cycle Patterns and Irregularities in Hired Latinx Child Farmworkers.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsVarnell, RR, Arnold, TJ, Quandt, SA, Talton, JW, Chen, H, Miles, CM, Daniel, SS, Sandberg, JC, Anderson, KA, Arcury, TA
JournalJ Occup Environ Med
Date Published2021 01 01
KeywordsAdolescent, Child, Family, Farmers, Female, Humans, Menstrual Cycle, Menstruation Disturbances, Pesticides

PURPOSE: This study identifies the menstrual cycle irregularities of Latinx child and adolescent farmworkers.

METHODS: Child and adolescent farmworkers aged 13 to 20 years completed questionnaires about menstrual cycle patterns in 2019, and wore silicone passive collection wristbands for pesticide detection in 2018. Menstrual cycle irregularities were determined from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists committee opinion.

RESULTS: Half of participants experienced any menstrual cycle irregularity; the most frequent irregularities were cycle length (38.6%) and having gone 90 days or more without a menstrual period (20.4%). Pesticides were detected in 92.9% of the wristbands; most participants were exposed to an endocrine disrupting chemical (EDC) pesticide.

CONCLUSION: Half of Latinx children and adolescents hired farmworkers experience irregular menstrual cycles, and most are exposed to EDCs. Inclusion of occupational and menstrual histories in child and adolescent medical visits is critical.

Alternate JournalJ Occup Environ Med
PubMed ID33105405
PubMed Central IDPMC8842072
Grant ListP42 ES016465 / ES / NIEHS NIH HHS / United States
R01 HD084420 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States