TitlePolycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in water, sediment, soil, and plants of the Aojiang River waterway in Wenzhou, China.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsLi, J, Shang, X, Zhao, Z, Tanguay, RL, Dong, Q, Huang, C
JournalJ Hazard Mater
Date Published2010 Jan 15
KeywordsChina, Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid, Fresh Water, Geologic Sediments, Indicators and Reagents, Plants, Polycyclic Hydrocarbons, Aromatic, Sewage, Soil, Soil Pollutants, Spectrometry, Fluorescence, water, Water Pollutants, Chemical

The town of Shuitou was renowned as the leather capital of China because of its large-scale tanning industry, but the industry's lack of pollution controls has caused severe damage to the local water system. This study determined 15 priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in water, sediment, soil, and plant samples collected from Aojiang River and its estuary. The total PAHs ranged from 910 to 1520 ng/L in water samples. The total PAH in sediments were moderate to low in comparison with other rivers and estuaries in China, but the relative proportions of PAHs per million people are high when considering the population size associated with each watershed. Ratios of fluoranthene/pyrene and PAHs with low/high molecular weight suggest a petrogenic PAH origin. The PAH composition profile in soil was similar to that in sediment with 4-6 ring PAHs being dominant. The PAHs with 2-3 rings were the dominant species in plant leaves. There were no correlations between PAHs in soils and in plants, suggesting that PAHs accumulate in plant leaves through absorption from the air. The general observation of elevated PAH concentrations in all matrix suggests a possible contribution by the local leather industry on the PAH concentrations in the Aojiang watershed.

Alternate JournalJ. Hazard. Mater.
PubMed ID19726127
PubMed Central IDPMC3270495
Grant ListP30 ES000210 / ES / NIEHS NIH HHS / United States
P30 ES000210-38 / ES / NIEHS NIH HHS / United States
P42 ES016465 / ES / NIEHS NIH HHS / United States
P42 ES016465-02 / ES / NIEHS NIH HHS / United States